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I have the credit of the artists. Fragility, conflict, and violence, or, more generally, the lack of peace and security, are one of the critical barriers to poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa. The World Bank’s list of fragile, conflict-affected, and violent (FCV) countries in 1998, with the earliest available data, indicates that 13 of the 24 FCV countries worldwide were in Sub-Saharan Africa (54 percent, or slightly over a half).

 

By 2021, the year with the latest available data, the number of FCV countries in Sub-Saharan Africa had increased by six, and the region still accounted for roughly half of all FCV countries in the world (19 of the 37 FCV countries). 

 

These two regions not only have the most cases of fragility, conflict, and violence but also the worst trends in extreme poverty. 30 out of the 48 countries in sub-Saharan Africa (almost two-thirds) have been designated as a fragile, conflict-affected, or violent (FCV) country at least once since 1998; in the Middle East and North Africa, it is seven out of 14 countries (or a half).

 

Extreme poverty has decreased at a slow pace in sub-Saharan Africa and increasing in the Middle East and North Africa (though at lower levels of poverty and subject to more significant uncertainty due to a lack of recent data for many countries in the Middle East).

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