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License and Certificate of Competence other than those mentioned in the provisions [which are stated among the duties and responsibilities of the ministry] shall be issued by Regional governments under the new law.
Under the provisions of exporting licenses, the new bill stipulates that Mineral Exporting license grant a right to the holder, to export gold and silver in their final shapes; raw, processed or semi processed precious or semi-precious minerals or other minerals in the raw form or after value addition. Meanwhile, it designates mineral exporting licenses to be issued separately for each type of minerals granted with certificate of competence.
Meanwhile, a holder of a mining license cannot be issued with any type of suppliers’ license. The rights under a supplier license issued to a holder of mining license prior to the coming into effect of this proclamation will lapse after 120 days of coming into effect of this proclamation.
Furthermore, the bill states, the types of licenses include: Mineral supplier license, Mineral crafting license, Mineral refining license, Mineral smelting license, Mineral Trade license and Mineral Exporting license.
As one of its main objectives, the new bill has introduced new provisions which demands stricter measures to be taken by license holders to ensure their mineral transaction scheme considers environmental and social protection principles in a sustainable manner. This provision is also accompanied with a heavy penalty for failure to insure environmental safety protections and social issues.